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A transient ischaemic attack (or TIA) is the same as a stroke, but the symptoms only last for a short amount of time (less than 24 hours).
Symptoms are caused by a temporary disruption in the blood supply to part of the brain.
Although the symptoms do not last long, a TIA should still be taken seriously. It is a sign that something is not right, and that you are at risk of having a stroke.
These may be accompanied by less specific symptoms such as:
In the early stages it is not possible to tell whether you are having a stroke or a TIA. Therefore if you think that you or someone else may be having a stroke or TIA, call 999.
Even if symptoms are mild and pass quickly, it is important to seek medical advice. If you think you have had a TIA but you didn't seek medical advice at the time, see your GP urgently.
Never ignore the symptoms of a TIA. A TIA is a warning that you are at risk of having a stroke in the near future. The highest risk is in the days and weeks after the TIA.
More than 1 in 12 people will have a stroke within a week of having a TIA.
To find out more about TIAs, including how they are diagnosed and treated, and what you can do to reduce your risk of having another TIA or a stroke, see our Essential Guide to TIA: Transient Ischaemic Attack (PDF).