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2014 Research Awards

Doctor treating woman in hospitalResearch in process

Development and validation of a short form for the Stroke Impact Scale

  • Dr. Terence Quinn, R. Fulton, M. Peters, M. Ali and K. Lees. Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
  • £14,252 over one year

Questionnaires for measuring quality of life in stroke are available, for example the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS).  To ensure that SIS captures all relevant details, it can take a long time to complete.  The researchers have used statistical techniques to find out which SIS questions best discriminate good and poor quality of life, and have created a shorter version of the SIS.  To prove that their shortened form retains the qualities of the original, they will use data collected from many hundreds of stroke-survivors who participated in clinical studies.  They will compare the short SIS against other measures of stroke recovery.

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Childhood asthma prevalence in 2014 – how and why has this changed over the past 50 years?

  •  Dr. Steve Turner, G. Devereux, N. Tagiyeva and L. Aucott. Child Health, Royal Aberdeen Children’s Hospital.
  • £59,965 over one year

The Aberdeen Schools Asthma Survey (ASA) are repeated surveys over the longest period anywhere in the UK, and among the longest anywhere around the world.  The percentage of children with asthma seen in the ASAS reflects other UK surveys, and therefore the ASAS results are relevant to the whole UK population.  The aim of the researchers is to carry out the 8th repeated survey on the 50th anniversary of the initial 1964 survey.  In addition to finding out how common asthma is, the rich and unique data collected over 50 years will allow them to investigate whether lifestyle changes may play a role in the development of asthma.

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Setting Scottish stroke services in an international context

  • Professor Peter Langhorne, O. Wu, M. MacLeod, M. O’Donnell and M. Dennis. Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary of Glasgow.
  • £47,758 over one year

Stroke services in Scotland have developed substantially over the last 20 years, and are undergoing continuous quality monitoring.  However, the researchers do not have a clear idea of how Scottish services compare with those of other countries.  They propose to analyse information from all 32 Scottish hospitals in comparison with over 100 hospitals in 32 other countries.  They will analyse both the services available, and how good a recovery is made by stroke patients in Scotland.  They intend that this study will help ‘benchmark’ Scottish stroke care against a wide range of other services, and assist stroke service development internationally.

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Predictors of long-term cognitive impairment, dementia and disability after lacunar stroke

  • Professor Joanna Wardlaw, V. Cvoro, M. Dennis, S. Makin and I. Deary. University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital.
  • £75,815 over two years

Lacunar strokes are common, small, not usually fatal, but less well-studied than other types of stroke.  Up to a third of these patients may have difficulty thinking, or even dementia, soon after stroke, but less is known about the long-term effects, or why some people get these cognitive problems.  The researchers can find out more by extending their study of lacunar stroke patients to three years after the stroke, and by summarising all other published research.  This will give patients and health services much better information to plan long-term care, and future clinical trials to improve outcome.

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