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Stroke Terms

Diagram of the brain

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Explanations of the words used to discuss or describe stroke illness.

Words with capital letters are listed individually to allow further understanding.

You can search this page by using Ctrl + F.

A - B - C - D - E - H - I - L - M - N - P - S - T - V -W

AF—Atrial Fibrillation

Irregular heart rhythm

Agnosia

Inability to recognise an object by touch alone

Agraphia

Difficulty in writing or drawing

Alexia

Inability to read

Amnesia

Loss of memory

Aneurysm

Swelling in a blood vessel wall which may burst and cause a stroke

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Angioplasty

Procedure to stretch narrowed coronary arteries to improve the blood flow to the heart

Aphagia

Inability to swallow

Aphasia

Inability to speak or use language

Apraxia

Difficulty in coordinating movement or speech

Ataxia

Loss of control of muscle function

ASA—Aspirin

Blood thinning medication

ASD—Atrial Septal Defect

Small hole in the top part of the heart

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Atheroma

Build up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels which restricts blood flow

Atherosclerosis

Build up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels which restricts blood flow

AVM—Arterio-Venous Malformation

Abnormal structure of Arteries and Veins in the brain which has a risk of haemorrhage

BP—Blood Pressure

Measurement of the pressure within the arteries

Brain attack

New term for a stroke

Brainstem

Base of the brain which controls basic life functions

Bruit

Noise made by a blockage in a Carotid Artery when examined by a doctor

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Carotid Arteries

Blood vessels which supply blood to the brain

CD—Carotid Doppler

Ultrasound of the arteries in the neck to check for blockages

Carotid Endarterectomy

Procedure to clear blockage from a Carotid Artery

Cerebral Haemorrhage

Medical term for a bleed in the brain

Cholesterol

Fat which leads to fatty deposits in the Arteries

CT Scan—Computerised Tomography Scan

Two dimensional scan used to look at areas of the body in detail

CVA—Cerebrovascular Accident

Outdated medical term for a stroke

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Contracture

When a joint becomes fixed in one position

Diplopia

Double vision

Dysarthria

Difficulty in communicating due to weakness of the muscles used in speaking

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing

Dyslexia

Difficulty in reading

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing

Dysphasia

Difficulty in using and understanding language

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Dysphonia

Difficulty in speaking at the desired volume

Dyspraxia

Difficulty in coordinating movement or speech

EEG—Electroencephalogram

Tracing of the activity of the brain

Embolism

A clot in a blood vessel, that has been carried by the blood from one point in the circulation to lodge in another point.

Hemianopia

Blindness in half of the visual field in both eyes

Hemiparesis

Weakness or partial Paralysis on one side of the body

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Hemiplegia

Loss of power or movement on one side of the body

Haemorrhage

Bleeding from a ruptured Blood Vessel

Haematoma

Blood clot

HBP—High Blood Pressure

When the pressure within the arteries is too high

Hydrocephalus

Raised pressure within the skull

Hypertension

High Blood Pressure

Hypotension

Low Blood Pressure

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Incontinence

Loss of bladder or bowel control

Infarct

Area of tissue damaged by lack of blood and oxygen

Ischaemia

Lack of blood flow to tissues in the body

LACS—Lacunar Syndrome

Medical classification a stroke in one of the brain's smaller arteries.

MID—Multi-Infarct Dementia

Long term confusion caused by a series of small Strokes

NG—Naso-gastric

Tube inserted through the nostril into the stomach to feed a dysphagic patient

Nystagmus

Involuntary jerking of the eyes

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PACS—Partial Anterior Circulation Syndrome

Medical classification; a Stroke at the front of the brain caused by an Infact.

Paralysis

Loss of movement in a part of the body

PEG—Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy

Tube inserted into the wall of the stomach to feed a Dysphagic patient

PET—Positive Emission Tomography

A detailed scan of the brain

POCS—Posterior Circulation Syndrome

Medical classification; a Stroke at the back of the brain caused by an Infarct.

SAH—SubArachnoid Haemorrhage

Ruptured blood vessel bleeding into the space surrounding brain

Spasticity

Stiffness which develops in the muscles

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Statin

Generic name for cholesterol lowering medications

Stroke

Disruption in the blood supply to part of the brain which damages the surrounding brain cells

TACS—Total Anterior Circulatory Syndrome

Medical classification; a large Stroke at the front of the brain caused by an Infarct

Thalamus

Part of the brain which deals with sensations

Thrombolysis

A ‘clot busting’ drug used to dissolve a blood clot which is causing a stroke

Thrombosis

Blockage in a blood vessel due to a blood clot

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TIA—Transient Ischaemic Attack

Medical classification of a mini-Stroke; symptoms last less than 24 hours

Vertigo

An abnormal sensation of movement

VSD—Ventricular Septal Defect

Small hole in the bottom part of the heart

Warfarin

A prescribed blood thinning medication to prevent Stroke due to embolism

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© Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland 2014 | Page last updated on Monday 27th January, 2014